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Investment Policy for Operating Funds

Memorandum #221—Investment Policy for Operating Funds

Date of Issue: February 7, 2008

Revised December 9, 2021

Background and Overview

Community College of Philadelphia (“CCP” or “the College”), the City’s college, is positioned to respond to the rapidly changing landscape for higher education. Over the past 50 years, the College has lived up to its mission by providing educational access for over 700,000 Philadelphians, setting families, businesses, and neighborhoods on a path to shared prosperity and opportunity.

The College serves Philadelphia by preparing its students to be informed and concerned citizens, active participants in the cultural life of the city, and enabled to meet the changing needs of business, industry, and the professions.

The College’s vision is to serve Philadelphia as a premier learning institution where student success exemplifies the strength of a diverse, urban community college. The College takes pride in its leadership role in the Community and places fairness and honesty at the center of all its policies and operations and affirms that Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) is crucial to a democratic society, as it enriches the educational experience and celebrates differences among individuals.

The College’s Operating Funds investment principles will continue to reflect CCP’s mission, vision, and strategic initiatives.

Statement of Purpose

The Purpose of this Investment Policy (together with its Appendix) is to outline the objectives, investment policies, and guidelines for the operating funds for the College.

Part I has two purposes:

(1) to define and assign responsibilities of the parties involved; and

(2) to establish a clear understanding of the investment goals and objectives for operating funds and a basis for evaluating investment results.

Part II provides guidelines and limitations to all investment consultants including the CCP management team, regarding the investment of the College’s operating funds.

Definition – Operating Funds: Operating funds for the purpose of these Investment Policy are defined as dollars which are available to the College as part of the normal course of college operations. Primary sources of operating dollars are City and State appropriations, students’ tuition and fee payments and investment income. Not included in this definition of operating funds are dollars received for restricted purposes, and quasi and true endowment funds.


(1) : Roles and Responsibilities:

CCP Board of Trustees and Business Affairs Committee of the Board of Trustees:

  • CCP Board of Trustees provides an oversight role to the College.
  • CCP Board of Trustees is charged with adopting and maintaining investment policies that are consistent with the Board’s role as stewards of public dollars and the collective philosophy of the Board with respect to investment asset risk and liquidity.
  • The Board of Trustees delegates to the Business Affairs Committee along with CCP management the ongoing review and oversight of the investment policy and other activities regarding CCP’s Operating Funds.
  • Business Affairs Committee will report on an annual basis to the Executive Committee and on as a needed basis to the Board of Trustees regarding:
    • investment updates
    • recommended changes in material policies or procedures
    • recommended changes of outsourced investment professionals involved in the process of managing and/or investing CCP’s operating funds
  • Subject to a vote of the Board of Trustees, The Executive Committee may at any time elect to oversee these policies directly, in which case, they would be subject to the same roles and responsibilities outlined in this policy.

The Business Affairs Committee of the Board of Trustees:

The Business Affairs Committee is charged with:

  • monitor the investment strategies and rates of return to ensure compliance with Board established guidelines.
  • regular review of the investment policy statement and guidelines.
  • participation in meetings with CCP staff and as appropriate with the outsourced consultants to review investment policies goals and returns.

CCP Management

The designees of the College management team, namely the Vice President of Business and Finance and the Assistant Vice President for Accounting and Controller are responsible for the investment of operating funds under the policies established by the Board of Trustees and overseen by the Business Affairs Committee.

  • College management will prudently and diligently identify and recommend to the Board of Trustees qualified investment professionals, including investment management consultant(s), custodian(s), and trustee(s),
  • College management will regularly evaluate the performance of the investment consultants to assure adherence to policy guidelines and monitor investment objective progress.
  • College management will meet regularly with the Business Affairs Committee to review and evaluate all aspects of the investment process including but not limited to the investment policy, goals, returns and outsourced consultants.
  • College management will meet regularly with all outsourced investment professionals including management consultants, custodians and trustees.

College management will meet regularly with the Business Affairs Committee or its designees with the outsourced investment management consultants.

Requirements and Responsibilities of the Investment Consultants

Investment consultants must be a registered investment advisor under the Investment Advisors Act of 1940, or a bank. Each investment consultant must acknowledge in writing its acceptance of responsibility as a fiduciary. Specific responsibilities of the investment consultants include:

  1. Discretionary investment management including decisions to buy, sell, or hold individual securities while observing and operating within all policies, guidelines, constraints and philosophies as outlined in this statement. Any deviation requires written approval from the Vice President of Business and Finance and the Chair of the Business Affairs Committee.
  2. Monthly reporting on a timely basis of account valuations and investment performance results.
  3. Communicating any major changes to economic outlook, investment strategy, or changes within the investment management organization, or any other factors which affect implementation of investment process or their progress toward investment objectives.
  4. Complying with any legislative or regulatory statutes and stipulations.

No person may engage in an investment transaction except as provided under the terms of the investment policy. The Trustees and CCP Management shall adhere to the Conflict of Interest Policy.

(2): Community College of Philadelphia General Investment Goals, Objectives and Basis for Evaluation

The general investment objective is to maintain liquidity, preservation of capital and maximize annual total return for the College while avoiding excessive risk. CCP believes that the achievement of investment returns should be viewed in a long-term context. Furthermore, CCP recognizes that rates of return are volatile on a year-to-year basis and that investment returns will not progress uniformly over time. Thus, volatility will be tolerated in as much as it is consistent with the volatility of a comparable market index. Specific objectives include the following:

  1. Maintain liquidity to meet anticipated cash needs.
  2. Preservation of principal is of equal importance to total return. CCP recognizes that it may be necessary to forego opportunities for potential large gains to achieve a reasonable risk posture.
  3. Understanding that risk is present in all types of securities and investment styles, CCP recognizes that some risk is necessary to produce long-term investment results that are sufficient to meet CCP's objectives. However unnecessary levels of risk taking are to be avoided.
  4. Diversification, in so far as it reduces portfolio risk, is required.
  5. Operating funds shall be invested in accordance with a fiduciary standard of care.
  6. Conformance with applicable Federal, State, City, and other legal requirements.
  7. Each consultant is expected to meet or exceed the market index/benchmark selected and agreed upon while displaying an overall level of risk consistent with the risk associated with their benchmark over a five-year period. This information will be reviewed at the quarterly meetings with College management.


1. Investment Approach

The College's operating fund balances will be divided into two categories for investment purposes:

A. Core Cash – Funds, which based upon the College’s financial history, are not required for operating purposes at any point during the fiscal year

B. Working Capital – Cash balances required on a continuous basis to meet payroll and other operating purposes.

2. Policy Benchmarks

Core Cash

The fixed income portfolio and the stock equity portfolio will attempt to maintain or exceed the market index/benchmarks outlined in the Appendix under the Asset Allocation Table

Working Capital

Policy benchmark for Working Capital is return on daily liquidity and benchmark to the 3 Month Treasury Bill Index.

3. Allowable Assets

Within each asset class, CCP seeks to earn the most efficient rate of return possible (after investment expenses). CCP seeks to have a diversified strategy which will increase the probability over five-year time periods that CCP will achieve its investment goals and reduce volatility.

For domestic equity, no more than 5% at cost or 10% at market of a manager’s portfolio may be held in the securities of a single issuer.

The average quality rating for the corporate bond portfolio should not fall below Moody’s rating of AA3.

No more than 5% at market of a manager’s fixed income portfolio may be held in the securities of a single corporate issuer. This restriction does not apply to securities issued by the U.S. Government or a U.S. Government Agency backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.

In some cases, CCP’s investments have been made through commingled vehicles. The investment strategies and restrictions for each of these investment vehicles were established with the Investment Consultant and follow the allowable and restricted guidelines of CCP’s investment policy.

Allowable Assets are limited to Cash Equivalents, Stock Equities, and Fixed Income Securities as follows:

A. Core Cash
  • U.S. stock equities
  • Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Investment Pools
  • Stock Mutual funds
  • Exchange Traded Funds (ETF)
  • Index Funds
  • U.S. Government and Agency Securities
  • Corporate Notes and Bonds
  • Mortgage Backed Bonds
  • Asset Backed Bonds
  • Floating Rate Securities
  • Global Bonds
  • Core Bonds
B. Working Capital Cash
  • Treasury Bills
  • Money Market Funds
  • Commercial Papers
  • Banker’s Acceptances
  • Repurchase Agreements
  • Certificates of Deposit
  • Mutual funds that invest 100% of its total assets in cash, U.S. Treasury bills, notes, and other obligations issued or guaranteed as to principal and interest by the U.S. Treasury.

4. Prohibited Direct Investments

Prohibited direct investments are any investments that are not specifically authorized within this statement. These include but are not limited to the following:

  1. Commodities and Futures Contracts
  2. Private Placements
  3. Options
  4. Interest rate swaps
  5. Venture Capital
  6. Tangible Personal Property
  7. Direct Real Estate
  8. Art/Precious Metals
  9. Margin Transactions
  10. Oil and Gas Payments/Drilling Partnerships
  11. Instruments issued in any country where such investments are prohibited by City, State, or Federal policies.

5. Safekeeping and Custody

As outlined in the Investment Consultants Agreement.

6. Contractual Arrangement with Investment Consultants

Contractual arrangements with organizations providing investment services will be short-term with the College reserving the right to terminate the relationship without financial cost other than that paid for services to date.

7. Board Review of Guidelines and Performance

The Business Affairs Committee of the Board of Trustees will seek to review the Investment Policy and performance on an annual basis to determine any appropriate revisions. The Business Affairs Committee will report to the Executive Committee and on as a needed basis to the Board of Trustees.

8. Change in Status of Investment

The guidelines, outlined above, apply at the time of purchase. CCP recognizes that subsequent market valuation changes may cause an investment, which was allowable at the time of purchase, to subsequently fall outside of these stated guidelines. In those instances, it is expected that the investment consultants will either reduce the investment so that it is allowable under the guidelines or obtain written approval from College management to continue the investment.

9. Risk Monitoring

Each consultant is expected to meet or exceed the market index/benchmark selected and agreed upon while displaying an overall level of risk consistent with the risk associated with their benchmark.


Asset Allocation Table

The overall strategic asset allocation of the Core Cash is listed below. Exposure to each asset class will be measured on market value and is subject to the rebalancing guidelines described below.

Asset Class Target Allocation Range1 Index Benchmark2 Total Domestic Equities
Total Domestic Equities 40% 30-50% S&P 500 Index
Total Fixed Income3 60% 50-70%

Bank of America Merrill Lynch 1-3 Yr Treasury Index Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index

(The duration of a manager’s portfolio should be within 80% and 120% of the duration of the appropriate market benchmark)

Cash/Short Term 0% 0-20% 3-Month Treasury Bill Index


  1. Initial investment in stock equity may be on an incremental build up basis using average in and therefore not fall within the target range initially.
  2. Other appropriate industry benchmarks may be applied with approval from College management.
  3. Fixed-income portfolio must be of investment grade overall (equivalent of Moody’s credit rating of Baa3 rating or higher.

Portfolio Rebalancing

The portfolio will be rebalanced whenever a single asset class's allocation exceeds +/- ten percent (10%) of its target allocation range.

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI)

The College is committed to the development of a campus community that values and respects human dignity and differences. We understand that success as an excellent academic institution requires a culture that encourages, embraces, and strongly supports diversity, equity and inclusion.

The Business Affairs Committee will receive annually a brief report from the investment consultants which sets forth both the status of and the steps they have taken to meet or exceed the DEI standards expected by those entities they do business with.

The Business Affairs Committee and its designees:

  • believes that it can advance DEI within the scope and fiduciary responsibilities of the CCP Investment Policy and are committed to incorporating principles of DEI in the investment process and oversight.
  • commits itself to seek to engage with a diverse pool of consultants, contractors and investment managers and investment consultants.
  • shall elevate DEI attributes through inclusive selection practices when selecting investment managers and investment products.
  • will include DEI related criterion/criteria when conducting investment related request for proposals, selecting investment related vendors and as appropriate with investment consultants in evaluating investment opportunities.
  • commit to receiving annually a brief report (written or verbal) from the investment consultants which updates the committee on the status of the investment consultants’ efforts to expand DEI standards within their firm as well as an update of DEI standards of the investment and portfolio managers they include in CCP portfolios.
  • will maintain a commitment to ensure its process, procedures and oversight practices will include the regular review and benchmarking of DEI investment goals that affirm accountability, progress and adherence to these principles.
  • commit to continue to regularly evaluate and adopt principles and bestpractices of emerging topics of social impact as it relates to DEI withinthe investment policy framework.

Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)

CCP Board of Trustees of its designees will strive to:

  • be educated on ESG issues and risk factors as it relates to CCP investment policy and investment
  • commit to continue to regularly evaluate and adopt principles and best practices of emerging topics of ESG as it relates to the investment policy framework.